Saturday 28 December 2019

Course Name & Paper No.3 : Basic Psychological Processes-II

Subject: Psychology

Course Name & Paper No.3 : Basic Psychological Processes-II

Course Objectives:

1. The student will come to understand various types of learning.

2. Student will get information regarding Reinforcement and its schedule for
shaping animal and human behavior.

3. Student will get information of memory and utilization of it.

4. Student will define various types of aptitude and its efficacy.

5. Will come to know his/her own interest and aptitudes

6. After learning concept of languages, student will use proper languages to
exhihibit his/her ideas.

7. The Course will familiarize students with the basic psychological process and
studies relating to the factors which influence them. It will also focus come basic
processes areas of Psychology.

8. Learn to use Psychology and other information sources.


Unit-I: Personality

 Meaning and definition of personality
 Types of Personality
 Determinants of personality: biological, cultural, social & situational.
 Approaches of Personality (In Brief):
o Psychoanalysis approach: Freud, Jung and Adler
o Trait theories Approach: Allport, Cattell
o Biological Approach: Eysenck
o Humanistic Approach: Rogers, Maslow
o Social learning Approach: Bandura

Unit-II: Learning Process

 Meaning and definition of learning
 Nature of Learning
 Factors affecting of Learning
 Transfer of training

Role of Motivation in Learning,
 Theory of Learning:
o Trial and error learning (Observational learning)
o Classical conditioning
o Operant conditioning
o Insight learning.

Unit: III Memory and Forgetting

 Meaning and definition of memory
 Stages of Memory
 Types of memory: Short term and Long Term Memory
 Characteristics of Good Memory
 Memory Measurement Methods
 Definition of Forgetting Why we forget?
 Theories (Reasons) of forgetting
 Curve of forgetting
 Strategies for improving memory

Module IV: Thinking (Cognition) Process

 Meaning and Definition of Thinking:
 Nature and Characteristic of thought
 Basic sources of error in reasoning
 Types of Thinking
 Modes of Thinking: Lateral, Divergent & Convergent Thinking
 Stages in creativity Thinking
 Factors that corrupt thinking

UNIT-V: Intelligence and Psychological Testing


 Meaning and Definition Intelligence
 Determinants of intelligence: heredity and environment.
 Theories of Intelligence
o Two factor theory (Spearman)
o Primary Mental Abilities (Thurstone)
o Multifactor theory (Thorndike)
o Multiple intelligence (Gardner)
 Concept: Mental Age and Intelligence Quotient, Emotional intelligence, Social
intelligence, Spiritual Quotient, Artificial intelligence.
 Mental retardation and giftedness.
Psychological Test:
 Meaning and Definition of Psychological Test
 Characteristics of a Standard Psychological Test
 Uses of Psychological test
 Baron, R.A. & Misra, G. (2014). Psychology, 5th ed. New Delhi: Pearson
 Coon, D. (1998). Introduction to psychology: Exploration and application.
USA: Brooks/Cole Publishing Co.
 Ciccarelli, S.K., & Meyer, G.E. (2008). Psychology, South Asian ed. New
Delhi: Pearson.
 Bootzin, R., & Bower, G.H. (1991). Psychology today-An Introduction, 7th ed.
New York: McGraw Hill Inc.
 Kuppuswamy, B. (1990). Elements of Ancient Indian psychology, 3rd Ed. New
Delhi: Konark Publishers Pvt. Ltd.
 Lefrancois, G.R. (2000). Theories of human learning, 4th ed.
 Lee. J A (2010) The Scientific Endeavour. New Delhi. Pearson
 Mishra, B. K. (2008). Psychology: The study of human behaviour. New delhi:
Prentice Hall of India.
 Morgan, C.T., King, R.A., Weisz, J.R., & Schopler, J. (1993). Introduction to
psychology, 7thed. New Dehi: Tata McGraw Hill.
 Kellogg, R.T. (2007). Fundamentals of Cognitive Psychology. California: Sage
Publications Inc., Chapter 2 &3.
 Weiten, W. (2002). Psychology: Themes and variations, 5th ed. New York:
Brooks/Cole Publishing Co., Chapter 4.
 Basic Psychological Process-I, Dr. R. G. Parmar, Dr. C. B. Jadeja, Dr. Jignesh Tapariya
 General Psychology – Dvan Nostran Com. – J. P Gilfourd
 Elements – Rech Devid
 Psychology – Norman L. Munn
 સામાન્ય મનોનવજ્ઞાન – યુનનવસીટી ગ્રાંર્થ નનમાકણ બોર્ક, ર્ૉ. સી. પી. ભટ્ટ.
 પ્રગત સામાન્ય મનોનવજ્ઞાન - યુનનવસીટી ગ્રાંર્થ નનમાકણ બોર્ક, ર્ૉ. બી. એ. પરીખ
 સન્માન્ય માનસશાસ્ર, ર્ૉ. બી. એ. પરીખ, પોપ્યુલર પબ્લીશીંગ હાઉસ-સુરત.
 સામાન્ય મનોનવજ્ઞાનની રૂપરેખા, આવૃનિ ૧૯૯૩-૯૪, સી. જમનાદાસની કાંપની. અમદાવાદ.
 મૂળભૂત મનોવૈજ્ઞાનનક પ્રક્રિયાઓ, આવૃનિ ૨૦૦૭-૨૦૦૮, સી. જમનાદાસની કાંપની. અમદાવાદ.
 વ્યનક્તત્વના નસધ્ાાંતો, કુસુમબેન ભટ્ટ, યુનનવસીટી ગ્રાંર્થ નનમાકણ બોર્કઅમદાવાદ.

Subject: Psychology

Course Name & Paper No.3: Cognitive Psychology

Course Objectives:

This course should help Students:

1. The Course will familiarize students with the basic psychological process and 
studies relating to the factors which influence them. It will also focus come 
important application areas of Psychology.

2. Learn to use Psychology and other information sources.

3. To apply basic concept regarding cognition.

4. Enriched student with basic foundation of cognition.

5. Analyse cognitive pattern for memory and able to draw a diagram of it.

6. Distinguish between types of memory

7. Able to understand cognition`s derivation and steps of it.


Unit-1: Introduction

 Definition and Nature

 Scope & Methods
 Important of Cognitive process
 Theory of Cognitive Psychology

Unit : 2 Contemplation and Problem Solve

 Definition, Nature types of Cognitive Lesson

 Self Contemplation
 Realest
 Meaning, nature of problems solving
 Method aim care of problem solving

Unit : 3 The Concept and Memory

 Nature and Important of Concept

 Type of Concept
 Meaning and Steps of Memory

 Type of Memory

Unit : 4 Creative and logic

 Definition nature of Creative
 Steps of Creativity
 Meaning, nature of logic
 Types of Logic

Unit : 5 Decision making process

 Difference of Decision making
 Self research in decision making
 Bias and error in decision making


 Bear – M.F. Connors, B.W. Pardiso – Neuro Science.
 Handouts: Teacher Can Create And Distribute Unit Wise Detail For Easy
Learning, And Concept Formation.
 Cognitive Psychology” Second Edition. (Applying The Science Of Mind) By:
Bridget Robinson-Riegle, Uni. of St. Thomas, Pub. :Pearson Publication New
 Cognitive Psychology, By :Robert Salsa, Uni. of Nevada, Pub.: Pearson
Education New Delhi.
 On Line Resources: American psychological Association.
 બો્ાત્મક મનોનવજ્ઞાન, ર્ૉ. વાય. એ. જોગાસણ, ર્ૉ. જયેશ એન. ભાલાળા -અક્ષર પબ્લીકેશન,

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